There is much variation in understanding of the Internet of Things and its related concepts — operational technology and machine-to-machine communication. The concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) is not fundamentally new, but several factors are converging to drive extremely high levels of deployment. Mass adoption is shifting the IoT into a powerful force for business transformation. The concept of the IoT is not fundamentally new. Connected “things” have provided benefits to enterprises and consumers for years. Examples include automated teller machines (ATMs), airline check-in machines and card-operated door locks. Back-end systems have provided much value in these situations by analyzing usage patterns, enhancing maintenance support and interfacing with enterprise software.